Huey Percy Newton (February 17, 1942 – August 22, 1989) was an African-American political activist and Marxist-Leninist revolutionary who, along with fellow Merritt College student Bobby Seale, co-founded the Black Panther Party (1966–1982). Together with Seale, Newton created a ten-point program which laid out guidelines for how the African-American community could achieve liberation.
In the 1960s, under Newton’s leadership, the Black Panther Party founded over 60 community support programs (renamed survival programs in 1971) including food banks, medical clinics, sickle cell anemia tests, prison busing for families of inmates, legal advice seminars, clothing banks, housing cooperates, and their own ambulance service. The most famous of these programs was the Free Breakfast for Children program which fed thousands of impoverished children daily during the early 1970s. Newton also co-founded the Black Panther newspaper service which became one of America’s most widely distributed African-American newspapers.
- Political activist and revolutionary.
- Co-founded the Black Panther Party for Self-Defense in 1966.
- Overcame illiteracy and attended Merritt College and the University of San Francisco School of Law.
- In 1980, he earned a Ph. D. in social philosophy from the University of California, Santa Cruz.
- Allied for freedom, full employment, decent housing, education, and military exemption for African-Americans.
- Sponsored a free breakfast program for children, sickle-cell anemia tests, free food and shoes, and a school.
- He was shot and killed in Oakland, California August 22nd, 1989.